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Cyclones - the most common machines vacuum cleaners. Apply to enterprises of metallurgy, chemical and oil industries, energy, timber and other industries.

With low capital costs and minimal maintenance costs, cyclones, providing a stable air purification from dust particles and larger than 10 microns with an efficiency of 80% - 95%.
The main elements of the cyclones are cylindrical housing, the exhaust tube and the hopper.

Dust suppression occurs under the action of the centrifugal force produced by the motion between the dust-laden air and exhaust tube.
Depending on the capacity of the air cyclones can be installed individually or combined in groups of two, four, six or eight cyclones. 

Cyclones are made as to the "right" and to "left" rotation of the gas stream.

"Right" called the rotation of the gas stream in a cyclone in a clockwise direction when viewed from the exhaust  tube, the "left" - counter-clockwise rotation.

The principle of the cyclone (dust collector) is as follows:

Gas through tubes to the primary and secondary swirler flow is introduced into the separation chamber and forms a dust collector in her two threads twisted in different directions. The primary flow moves upward along the axis of the separation chamber dust collector. In the chamber wall moves downward secondary flow, which is on its way partially absorbed into the primary updraft and completely transformed into a solid foundation in the dust collector.  The ratio of the main and counter-flow can be adjusted to help achieve the maximum degree of purity when changing the initial parameters of the purified gas.
The method of dust removal systems, gas purification of dust, using counter-swirling vortex flows realized in the dust collector, has allowed to overcome the energy level of centrifugal gas cleaning from dust in the traditional cyclone, significantly improved the efficiency of gas purification and other technical and economic indices of the dust collector.